Iran to raise March oil exports on higher EU sales

The state-run NIOC is expected to ship around 250,000-300,000 bpd to Europe this month after it finalised term deals with France's Total and Spanish refiner Cepsa on March 1

Iran is expected to raise its oil exports in March to around 1.65mn bpd from 1.5mn bpd in February.
Iran is expected to raise its oil exports in March to around 1.65mn bpd from 1.5mn bpd in February.

 Iran, OPEC's No. 3 producer, is expected to raise its oil exports in March to around 1.65mn barrels per day (bpd) from 1.5mn bpd a month earlier on the back of higher crude shipments to Europe, two industry sources told Reuters recently.

The state-run National Iranian Oil Co. (NIOC) is expected to ship around 250,000-300,000 bpd to Europe this month after it finalised term deals with France's Total and Spanish refiner Cepsa, effective from March 1, the sources said.

The French oil major has a contract to buy about 200,000 bpd, while Cepsa's deal was for about 35,000 bpd, one source said. Total is expected to lift at least 5mn barrels in March, the source added.

Litasco, the trading arm of Russia's Lukoil, Cepsa and Total have become the first buyers in Europe after the lifting of sanctions and lifted trial cargoes in February, trading sources told Reuters.

Hellenic Petroleum, Greece's biggest oil refiner, has said it will receive its first shipment of Iranian crude oil at the end of March.

Tehran is working to regain market share, particularly in Europe, after the lifting of international sanctions in January. Oil exports rose by 500,000 bpd to 1.5mn bpd in February, a senior NIOC official said on Tuesday.

The sanctions had cut Iranian crude exports from a peak of 2.5mn bpd before 2011 to just over 1mn bpd in recent years.

Tehran has said it would boost output immediately by 500,000 bpd and by another 500,000 bpd within a year, ultimately reaching pre-sanction production levels of around 4mn bpd seen in 2010-11.

But even a gradual increase in its exports would come at a time of global oversupply, with producers around the world pumping hundreds of thousands of barrels every day in excess of demand. Oil prices are near 11-year lows at around $37 a barrel.

Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Venezuela and non-OPEC Russia agreed last month to freeze output at January levels in the first global oil pact in 15 years.

Iranian Oil Minister Bijan Zanganeh said last week the freeze was ‘laughable’. Iranian sources say the country would be prepared to discuss a production pact once output reaches pre-sanctions levels.

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