OPEC must lower costs to compete with shale

Nigeria, which relies on crude sales for around two-thirds of government revenue, saw its economy shrink 1.5% in 2016 - the first full-year contraction in 25 years - largely due to lower oil receipts

Analysts say that a revival in US shale production is likely to limit any major price recovery in crude oil.
Analysts say that a revival in US shale production is likely to limit any major price recovery in crude oil.

Members of the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries must lower production costs to compete better with shale producers, Nigeria's oil minister said this week.

Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu, in an interview with CNBC Africa, also said he was confident that an output reduction agreement agreed in November would see oil prices hold.

Nigeria, which relies on crude sales for around two-thirds of government revenue, saw its economy shrink 1.5% in 2016 - the first full-year contraction in 25 years - largely due to lower oil receipts.

Eleven of OPEC's 13 members along with 11 non-OPEC countries agreed to make cuts for the first half of 2017, although Nigeria and fellow OPEC member Libya were exempt due to production setbacks suffered last year.

"OPEC members must lower production costs to compete better with shale producers," said Kachikwu, quoted in a tweet on CNBC Africa's Twitter feed.

Kachikwu said he was "impressed with the work OPEC has done" and "confident prices will hold", but added: "What is more fundamental is what OPEC countries can begin to do for themselves in term of costs, diversification."

The November 30 agreement to cut production prompted oil prices to rise $10 a barrel, although they have been trading in a narrow $3 range in the last few weeks.

But analysts say that a revival in US shale production is likely to limit any major price recovery in crude oil.

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